There are 3 levels of criminal record checks available.
Basic Disclosures are the most common level of criminal record check and are available to anyone.
Job roles which require a Standard DBS check are likely to be positions in the legal, financial or the security industry.
Enhanced DBS checks are specifically designated for positions which involve regular contact with children or vulnerable adults.
Basic Disclosures are the most common level of criminal record check and are available to anyone. The Basic Disclosure lists only convictions that are classed as unspent under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (see here for more information on the Act and definitions of spent/unspent convictions). This legislation is intended to protect workers’ rights and ensure that they do not have to declare, nor will the employer be able to access, information on cautions or convictions that are classed as spent. It is therefore important that higher levels of criminal record checks (Standard DBS checks or Enhanced DBS checks) are not carried out if they are not necessary.
Certain work and position are exempt from the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 as it is deemed that for certain kinds of work a fuller criminal record check is necessary, meaning that the Act does not apply and information on a person’s spent and unspent cautions and convictions should be accessible. The two levels of criminal record check that show both spent and unspent convictions are Standard DBS Checks and Enhanced DBS checks.
Job roles which require a Standard DBS check are likely to be positions in the legal profession, financial services or the security industry. People working in any of these sectors whose position involves elements of legal or financial control/responsibility, or control/responsibility of security in some way will generally require Standard DBS checks. Those whose positions do not entail this kind of control or responsibility are likely to require a Basic Disclosure.
Positions generally requiring Standard DBS checks: accountant, finance director, mortgage advisor, lawyer/solicitor, legal executive, head of security, prison officer.
Enhanced DBS checks are specifically designated for positions which involve regular contact with children or vulnerable adults. People that will be working in environments that involve regular contact with children or vulnerable adults, such as schools, childcare premises, children’s hospitals, adult care homes will generally require an Enhanced DBS check. Recently, the law was changed to include taxi/minicab drivers as positions that require Enhanced DBS checks, due to the nature of the unsupervised contact with their customers (potentially children/vulnerable adults) that these positions involve.
Positions generally requiring Enhanced DBS checks: Teacher, teaching assistant, sports coaches (if working with children), nurse, doctor, midwife, therapist, nanny, childcare,
Contractors working on sites that bring them into contact with children or vulnerable adults may require either Basic Disclosures, Standard DBS checks or Enhanced DBS checks. The level of check that they require depends on the nature of the work and how regular they will be on site, so companies should be aware of these details before selecting an appropriate level of check.
If you are still unsure on what criminal record check is right for you please call us on 01372 279 276 and we will be more than happy to give you further advice.